Projects

– Topic/Tema: Synthetic understanding of natural and social phaenomena

Project/Projecte/Proyecto: Toward a model and application of interdisciplinary connections of sports and physical education with other areas of academic knowledge based on the theoretical concepts of complex systems.

Main researcher/ Investigador principal: Robert Hristovski

Financed by / Financiat per / Financiado por: University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius

Institutions / Institucons / Insttuciones: Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, INEFC-University of Barcelona, INEFC-University of Lleida

Duration / Durada / Duración: 2011 – 2012

Participants / Participantes: Natàlia Balagué, Carlota Torrents, Pablo Vázquez, Aleksandar Aceski

Summary: The main aim of the project was to examine the changes within the linguistic, i.e. conceptual, landscape profile of scientific fields under the absence and presence of general explanatory principles coming from the nonlinear dynamic systems theory (NDST) and statistical physics in diverse scientific fields. Specifically, we aimed at modeling of the conceptual space of science as a self-organizing system emphasizing sports sciences position within it. The investigation was undertaken to reveal the change of scientific language within the past several decades. Particularly, we aimed to show hallmarks of scientific conceptual self-organization within the language space as represented by a dimension reduction and information compression effects.

 Topic/Tema: Synthetic understanding of natural and social phaenomena

Project/Projecte/Proyecto: Exploratory dynamics of motoricaly and perceptually grounded concepts coming from the complex systems theories.

Main researcher/ Investigador principal: Robert Hristovski

Financed by / Financiat per / Financiado por: University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius

Institutions / Institucons / Insttuciones: Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, INEFC-University of Barcelona, INEFC-University of Lleida

Duration / Durada / Duración: 2012 – 2013

Participants / Participantes: Natàlia Balagué, Carlota Torrents, Pablo Vázquez, Aleksandar Aceski

Summary: The project examines the changes in the conceptual landscape and the dynamics of exploratory behaviour of learners. When concepts of higher explanatory generality are absent the landscape becomes fragmented in mutually weakly connected or disconnected basins of attraction which corresponds largely to the current state in science and humanities education. On the contrary, when such concepts are present, the height of the barriers significantly lowers and the system reconfigures itself into a landscape of connected basins of attraction offering a unification of apparently distant areas of knowledge. The general explanatory concepts play the role of ‘catalysts’ which lower the transition barriers between conceptual spaces of scientific fields and enable larger exploratory breadth to learners. The project enabled a better understanding of how general explanatory concepts from the nonlinear dynamical systems theory and statistical physics can become tenets of a new educational program and teacher profile.

Topic/Tema: Synthetic understanding of natural and social phaenomena

 Project/Projecte/Proyecto: SUMA – Synthetic understanding through movement analogies /   /

Main researcher/ Investigador principal: Robert Hristovski

Financed by / Financiat per / Financiado por: University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius (Faculty of Physical Education Sports and Health)

Institutions / Institucons / Insttuciones: Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, INEFC-University of Barcelona, INEFC-University of Lleida

Duration / Durada / Duración: 2015 – 2019

Participants / Participantes: Natàlia Balagué, Carlota Torrents, Pablo Vázquez, Aleksandar Aceski

Summary: The main aim of this project is to offer a way of approaching the integration of the educative process and simultaneously reduce the barriers between widely different areas of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) and Humanities. We propose that this integration is possible through teaching common concepts and principles of dynamical systems. Moreover, we claim that physical activities in a form of movement analogies may form the content of such an integrative education through formation of an embodied and experientially grounded knowing. The application of movement analogies for teaching pluricontextual and transdisciplinary concepts is the objective of the proposed teaching methodology, that aims:1) to help teachers and students to discover and learn the connecting dynamic conceptual patterns common to STEM and Humanities, 2) to promote a synthetic knowing , and 3) to contribute to buildinga unified world view. The proposed embodied and experientially grounded-based knowing allows applications to all education levels, including early ages. It is expected that the development of learning transfer and integrative competencies in students will empower them to face the novel and challenging emergent problems of our society.

Papers:

Hristovski, R. (2012). Toward a model and application of conceptual inter-relationships

between sport sciences with other academic fields. Book of projects at the
UKIM
. UKIM Press, 115-122

Hristovski, R. (2013). Synthetic thinking in (sports) science. The self-organization of
scientific language. Res. Phys. Ed., Sports Health, 1, 27-34.

Balagué, N., Torrents, C., Hristovski, R., Kelso, JAS (2017). Sport science integration: an evolutionary synthesis. European Journal of Sport Science, 17 (1), 51-62. DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2016.1198422

Hristovski, R., Aceski, A., Balagué, N., Seifert, L., Tufekcievski, A., Aguirre, C. (2017). Structure and dynamics of European sports science textual contents: Analysis of ECSS abstracts (1996–2014). European Journal of Sport Science, 17 (1): 19-29 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2016.1207709

Balagué, N., & Torrents, C. (2013). Unifying sport science. Apunts, Educació Fisica i Esport, 114, 7-22.

Balagué, N., Torrents, C. (2014). Reflexions i condicions per una unificació de les ciències de l’esport. Resposta a Raúl Martínez Santos. Apunts d’Educació Fisica i Esports, 118, 101-103.

Balagué, N., Hristovski, R., Torrents, C. (2013). From fragmentation to synthesis in sport science. In N. Balagué et al. (Eds.), Book of abstracts of the 18th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS). Barcelona, 26-29 June. ISBN: 978-84-695-7786-8

Book chapters:

Hristovski, R., Balagué, N., & Vázquez, P. (2014). Experiential Learning of the Unifying Principles of Science through Physical Activities. In: Francisco Miranda (Ed.) Systems theory: Perspectives, applications and developments, 37-48. New York: Nova.

Hristovski, R., Balagué, N., & Vázquez, P. (2014).  Science as a self-organizing cognitive system. Coherence and flexibility of scientific explanatory paterns. In: A. Bastardas, A. Massip, G. Bel (Eds.), Complexity Applications in Language and Communication Sciences. Heidelberg: Springer.

 

-Topic/Tema: Cardiorespiratory coordination

Project/Projecte/Proyecto: Cardiorespiratory coordination. Effects of exhausting exercise and training/ Coordinació cardio-respiratòria. Efectes de l’exercici extenuant i l’entrenament / Coordinación cardio-respiratoria. Efectos del ejercicio extenuante y del entrenamiento

Main researcher/ Investigador principal: Natàlia Balagué

Financed by / Financiat per / Financiado por:

Institutions / Institucons / Insttuciones: INEFC-University of Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University

Duration / Durada / Duración: 2014 – 2016

Participants / Participantes: Robert Hristovski, Sergi Garcia, Josep Lluis Ventura, Casimiro Javierre, Daniel Aragonés

 Summary: Cardiorespiratory exercise testing measures metabolic, cardiovascular, and pulmonary responses to exercise, however, it provides little information about the coordinated activity of these subsystems. We propose a principal component approach to reduce the dimensionality of the physiological response to exercise and represent it through few coordination variables or principal components (PCs). The objective of the project is to study the sensitivity of PC1 as coordinative variable for testing health and fitness status, and improve the interpretation of cardiorespiratory exercise testing.

Resum: Les proves d’esforç cardio-respiratories valoren les respostes dels sistemes metabòlic, cardiovascular i pulmonar però ofereixen poca informació sobre l’activitat coordinada d’aquests subsistemes. Es proposa un enfocament basat en l’anàlisi de components principals per reduir les dimensions de la resposta fisiològica a l’esforç i representarla mitjançant variables coordinatives o components principals (PCs). L’objectiu del projecte és estudiar la sensibilitat del PC1 com variable coordinativa per testar l’estat de salut i forma física i millorar la interpretació de les proves d’esforç cardio-respiratòries.

Resumen: Las pruebas de esfuerzo cardio-respiratorias valoran las respuestas de los sistemas metabólico, cardiovascular y pulmonar pero proporcionan poca información acerca de la actividad coordinada de estos subsistemas. Proponemos un enfoque basado en el análisis de componentes principales para reducir la dimensionalidad de la respuesta fisiológica al esfuerzo y representarla a través de variables coordinativas o componentes principales (PCs). El objetivo del proyecto es estudiar la sensibilidad del PC1 como variable coordinativa para testar el estado de salud y forma física, y mejorar la interpretación de las pruebas de esfuerzo cardio-respiratorias.

Papers:

Balagué, N., González, J., Javierre, C., Niño, O., Alamo, J., Aragonés, D., Ventura, J.L. (2016). Cardiorespiratory coordination after training and detraining. Principal component analysis approach. Frontiers in Physiology, 7, 35.

Garcia, S., Javierre, C., Hristovski, R., Ventura, J.L., Balagué, N. Post-exhaustion Impairs Cardiorespiratory Coordination in Healthy Adults (submitted)

 Presentations:

Balagué, N., Hristovski, R., González, J., Javierre, C., Ventura, J.L. (2014). Complex adaptive systems and cardiorespiratory functional evaluation. Effects of different types of training and detraining. International conference “Move for Health” abtract book. Kaunas University of Technology Pub. House “Technologija” ISBN 978-9955-15-373-3

Garcia, S. Javierre, C.Hristovski, R.Ventura, J.L.Balagué, N. (2017). Oral communication: Acute fatigue impairs cardiorespiratory coordination in healthy adults. 22nd Congress of the ECCSS, Ruhr, Germany.

 

-Topic/Tema: Psychobiology of exercise

Project/Projecte/Proyecto: Psychobiological model of exercise-induced fatigue. Nonlinear dynamic perspective / Model psicobiològic dinàmic i no lineal de la fatiga induïda per l’exercici / Modelo psicobiológico dinámico y no lineal de la fatiga inducida por el ejercicio

Main researcher/ Investigador principal: Natàlia Balagué

Financed by / Financiat per / Financiado por: INEFC-AGAUR

Institutions / Institucons / Insttuciones: INEFC-University of Barcelona, INEFC-University of Lleida, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University

Duration / Durada / Duración: 2013 – 2016

Participants / Participantes: Robert Hristovski, Carlota Torrents, Pablo Vázquez, Sergi Garcia, Agnė Slapšinskaitė, Cecilia Aguirre, Daniel Aragonés, Selen Razon, Gershon Tenenbaum

 Summary: Endurance performance involves both psychological and physiological processes, but it is far from clear how they interact during different types of effort and how they determine the exhaustion point. Despite the amount of relevant research, reductionist approaches have failed to identify a specific site or process responsible for the fatigue-induced termination point in endurance exercises. As endurance depends on the interaction between vast number of system’s components distributed at many levels, it is impossible to systematically deduce the macroscopic action behaviour from bioichemical microscopic processes. Thus, our aim is to study endurance at macroscopic action level through the variables that best capture the dynamic of interactions between micro and meso-components: the order parameters or collective variables.

Resum: El rendiment en resistència implica tant processos psicològics como fisiològics, pero no està gens clar com interactúen entre ells durant diferents tipus d‘esforç i com determinen l‘esgotament i la fallada. Malgrat la quantitat i qualitat dels estudis d‘investigació, els enfocaments reduccionistes no han pogut identificar llocs o processos responsables del punt de terminació induit per la fatiga en exercicis de resistència. Com la resistència depen de la interacció entre una gran quantitat de components sistèmics distribuits a molts nivells, és imposible deduir el comportament macroscòpic (acció) dels processos bioquímics microscòpics. Per això, el nostre objectiu és estudiar la resistencia a nivell macroscòpic (de l‘acció) a través de les variables que millor reflexen la dinàmica de les interaccions entre els micro i els meso-components: els paràmetres d‘ordre o variables col.lectives.

 Resumen: El rendimiento en resistencia implica tanto procesos psicológicos como fisiológicos, pero no está nada claro como interactuan en diferentes tipos de esfuerzo y como determinan el agotaniento y el fallo. A pesar de la cantidad y calidad de los estudios de investigación, los enfoques reduccionistas no han podido identificar lugares o procesos responsables del punto de terminación inducido por la fatiga en ejercicios de resistencia. Como la resistencia depende de la interacción entre una gran cantidad de componentes sistémicos distribuidos a muchos niveles, es imposible deducir el comportamiento macroscópico (acción) de los procesos bioquímicos microscópicos. Por lo tanto, nuestro objetivo es estudiar la resistencia a nivel macroscópico (de la acción) a través de las variables que mejor reflejan la dinámica de las interacciones entre los micro y meso-componentes: los parámetros de orden o variables colectivas.

Papers:

Hristovski, R. & Balagué, N. (2010). Fatigue-induced spontaneous termination point -Nonequilibrium phase transitions and critical behavior in quasi-isometric exertion. Human Movement Science, 29, 483–493.

Hristovski, R., Venskaityte, E., Vainoras, A., Balagué, N. Vázquez, P. (2010). Constraints controlled metastable dynamics of exercise-induced psychobiological adaptation. Medicina,  46(7):447-53.

Balagué, N., Hristovski, R. y Aragonés, D. (2011). Rol de la intención en la fatiga inducida por el ejercicio. Aproximación no lineal. Revista de Psicologia del Deporte, 2, 505-521.

Balagué, N., Hristovski, R., Aragonés, D., Tenenbaum, G. (2012). Nonlinear model of attention focus during accumulated effort. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 591-597.

Aragonés, D., Balagué, N., Hristovski, R., Pol, R., & Tenenbaum, G. (2013). Fluctuating dynamics of perceived exertion in constant power exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 796-803.

Balagué, N., Hristovski, R., Garcia, S., Aragonés, D., Razon, S. & Tenenbaum, G. (2014) Intentional Thought Dynamics during Exercise Performed until Volitional Exhaustion. Journal of Sport Sciences, 33, 1, 48-57.

Balagué, N., Aragonés, D., Hristovski, R., García, S., & Tenenbaum, G. (2014). Attention focus emerges spontaneously during progressive and maximal exercise. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 1, 57-63.

Balagué, N., Hristovski, R., Vázquez, P., & Slapsinskaite, A. (2014). Psychobiology of endurance and exhaustion. A nonlinear integrative approach. Research in Physical Education, Sport & Health, 3(1), 3-11.

Balagué, N., Hristovski, R., Aguirre, C., García, S., Razon, S., Tenenbaum, G. Dynamics of Perceived Exertion in Constant Power Cycling: Time and Workload-dependent Thresholds. Research Quarterly for Sport and Exercise (in press)

García, S., Razon, S., Hristovski, R., Balagué, N., Tenenbaum, G. Dynamic Stability of Task-related Thoughts in Trained Runners. The Sport Psychology Journal (in press)

Slapsinskaite A, Hristovski  R,Razon  S, Balagué  N and Tenenbaum  G. Metastable Pain-Attention Dynamics during Incremental Exhaustive Exercise. Front. Psychol. 2017;7:2054. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.02054 Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312105537_Metastable_Pain-Attention_Dynamics_during_Incremental_Exhaustive_Exercise
Slapsinskaite A, García S, Razon S, Balagué N, Hristovski R, Tenenbaum G. Cycling outdoors facilitates external thoughts and endurance. Psychol Sport Exerc [Internet]. 2016;27:78–84. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.08.002  Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1469029216300930
​Slapsinskaite A, Razon S, Balagué Serre N, Hristovski R, Tenenbaum G. Local Pain Dynamics during Constant Exhaustive Exercise. PLoS One [Internet]. 2015;10(9):e0137895. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10. 5061/dryad.f37d0  Available from: http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137895 

Book chapters:

Balagué, N. & Hristovski, R. (2010). Modelling physiological complexity. Dynamic integration of the neuromuscular system during quasi-static exercise performed until failure. A: J. Wiemeyer, A. Baca,  M. Lames (Eds.). Sportinformatik gestern, heute, morgen (pp. 163-171) . Hamburg: Feldhaus Verlag. ISBN 978-3-88020-548-2.

Balagué, N., Hristovski, R., Vainoras, A., Vazquez, P., Aragonés, D. (2013). Psychobiological integration during exercise. A: Davids, K., Hristovski, R., Araújo, D., Balagué, N., Button, C. Y Passos, P. (Eds.). Complex Systems in Sport  (pp. 82-102). London: Routledge.

 

-Títol: Creativitat i accions motores emergents a l’activitat física i l’esport. Aplicacions pràctiques en diferents poblacions

Investigador principal: Carlota Torrents

Financiat per: AGAUR

Colaboradors: INEFC- University of Lleida, St. Cyrius and Methodius University-Technical University of Lisbon

Durada: 2014 – 2017

No. investigadors / membres del grup que participen en aquest projecte: Carlota Torrents, Ángel Ric, Natàlia Balagué, Lorena Torres i Mercè Mateu

Col.laboradors: Robert Hristovski, Jaime Sampaio, Bruno Gonçalves

L’objectiu d’aquest projecte és estudiar l’emergència de conducta creativa en sistemes complexos esportius, especialment en situacions d’improvisació. Estem fent diferents estudis en esports col·lectius i dansa on modifiquem els constrenyiments de la tasca amb la finalitat de provocar l’aparició d’un comportament tècnic-tàctic específic, i també per analitzar les formes de millorar el comportament creatiu dels jugadors i / o ballarins.

Concretament s’estan realitzant els següents estudis:

  • Modificació del nombre de jugadors en jocs reduïts de futbol per avaluar l’emergència d’accions tècnic-tàctiques i la variabilitat del joc en funció d’aquest constrenyiment, en jugadors professionals i amateurs.
  • Modificació de constrenyiments diversos en situacions de 11×11 de futbol
  • Modificació de la instrucció en la dansa Contact Improvisation i en dansa contemporània improvisada per avaluar l’emergència d’habilitats concretes i la variabilitat de la dansa en funció d’aquestes instruccions, en ballarins i en no ballarins.

Fruit d’aquests estudis, s’han realitzat les següents publicacions:

–       Torrents, C., Ric, A. & Hristovski, R. (2015) Creativity and emergence of specific dance movements using instructional constraints. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts, 9, 65-74

Título: Creatividad y acciones motrices emergentes en la actividad física y el deporte. Apliaciones prácticas en diferentes poblaciones.

Investigador principal: Carlota Torrents

Financiado por: AGAUR

Colaboradores: INEFC- University of Lleida, St. Cyrius and Methodius University-Technical University of Lisbon

Duración: 2014 – 2017

No. investigadores miembros del grupo que participan en este proyecto: Carlota Torrents, Ángel Ric, Natàlia Balagué, Lorena Torres y Mercè Mateu

Colaboradores: Robert Hristovski, Jaime Sampaio, Bruno Gonçalves

El objetivo de este proyecto es estudiar la emergencia de conducta creativa en sistemas complejos deportivos, especialmente en situaciones de improvisación. Estamos realizando diversos estudios en deportes colectivos y danza en los que modificamos los constreñimientos de la tarea con el fin de provocar la aparición de un comportamiento técnico-táctico específico, y también para analizar las formas de mejorar el comportamiento creativo de los jugadores y/o bailarines.

Concretamente se están realizando los siguientes estudios:

  • Modificación del número de jugadores en juegos reducidos de futbol para evaluar la emergencia de acciones técnico-tácticas y la variabilidad del juego en función de este constreñimiento, en jugadores profesionales y amateurs.
  • Modificación de diversos constreñimientos en situaciones de 11×11 de fútbol.
  • Modificación de la instrucción en la danza Contact Improvisation y en danza contemporánea para evaluar la emergencia de habilidades concretas y la variabilidad de la danza en función de estas instrucciones, en bailarines y no bailarines.

Fruto de estos estudios, se han realizado las siguientes publicaciones:

–       Torrents, C., Ric, A. & Hristovski, R. (2015) Creativity and emergence of specific dance movements using instructional constraints. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts, 9, 65-74

Title: Creativity and emergency of motor accions in physical activity and sport. Practical aplications in different populations.

Main Researcher: Carlota Torrents

Financed: AGAUR

Universities: INEFC- University of Lleida,  St. Cyrius and Methodius University-Technical University of Lisbon

Period: 2014 – 2017

Researchers Group members: Carlota Torrents, Ángel Ric, Natàlia Balagué, Lorena Torres y Mercè Mateu

Researchers: Robert Hristovski, Jaime Sampaio, Bruno Gonçalves

The aim of this project is to study the emergence of creative behaviour in complex sport systems, and specially during improvisation. We are realizing different studies in collective spots and in dance modifying task constrains in order to provoke the emergence of technical-tactical specific behaviour. We also want to analyse the creative behaviour of players/dancers.

We are doing the following studies:

  • Modifying number of players in football small sided games to evaluate the emergence of technical-tactical actions and the variability of the game, in professional and amateur players.
  • Modifying different task constrains in 11×11 football games.
  • Modifying task instructions in Contac Improvisation dance and contemporary dance to evaluate the emergence of dance skills and dance variability, in dancers and non dancers.

We have already published some papers and book chapters:

–       Torrents, C., Ric, A. & Hristovski, R. (2015) Creativity and emergence of specific dance movements using instructional constraints. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts, 9, 65-74

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