The aim of this paper is to review these assumptions on the basis of complex systems science and network physiology, and update the current exercise prescription accordingly. First, we describe the one-size-fit all approach of current recommendations and question the rationale of the scientific evidences behind. Afterwards we update the basic assumptions related to the conception of the organism, the concept of health and fitness, the objectives and principles of training, the assessment of physiological states, the role of coaches and patients and the research methodology. According to it we propose alternative general recommendations for exercise prescription in health and disease.
Authors: Natàlia Balagué, Maria del Carmen Almarcha and Robert Hristovski.